Início > Dicas, SQL Server > Formatando data no SQL Server

Formatando data no SQL Server

Sempre sentimos dúvidas ao formatar o campo de data do SQL para filtrar por data. Passei por isso agora a pouco e encontrei um link no SQL Server Helper que ajudou muito. Vale a pena até guardar/documentar nos favoritos!

Standard Date Formats
Date Format Standard SQL Statement Sample Output
Mon DD YYYY 1
HH:MIAM (or PM)
Default SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(20), GETDATE(), 100) Jan 1 2005 1:29PM 1
MM/DD/YY USA SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 1) AS [MM/DD/YY] 11/23/98
MM/DD/YYYY USA SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 101) AS [MM/DD/YYYY] 11/23/1998
YY.MM.DD ANSI SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 2) AS [YY.MM.DD] 72.01.01
YYYY.MM.DD ANSI SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 102) AS [YYYY.MM.DD] 1972.01.01
DD/MM/YY British/French SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 3) AS [DD/MM/YY] 19/02/72
DD/MM/YYYY British/French SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 103) AS [DD/MM/YYYY] 19/02/1972
DD.MM.YY German SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 4) AS [DD.MM.YY] 25.12.05
DD.MM.YYYY German SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 104) AS [DD.MM.YYYY] 25.12.2005
DD-MM-YY Italian SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 5) AS [DD-MM-YY] 24-01-98
DD-MM-YYYY Italian SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 105) AS [DD-MM-YYYY] 24-01-1998
DD Mon YY 1 SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(9), GETDATE(), 6) AS [DD MON YY] 04 Jul 06 1
DD Mon YYYY 1 SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(11), GETDATE(), 106) AS [DD MON YYYY] 04 Jul 2006 1
Mon DD, YY 1 SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 7) AS [Mon DD, YY] Jan 24, 98 1
Mon DD, YYYY 1 SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(12), GETDATE(), 107) AS [Mon DD, YYYY] Jan 24, 1998 1
HH:MM:SS SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 108) 03:24:53
Mon DD YYYY HH:MI:SS:MMMAM (or PM) 1 Default +
milliseconds
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(26), GETDATE(), 109) Apr 28 2006 12:32:29:253PM 1
MM-DD-YY USA SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 10) AS [MM-DD-YY] 01-01-06
MM-DD-YYYY USA SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 110) AS [MM-DD-YYYY] 01-01-2006
YY/MM/DD SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 11) AS [YY/MM/DD] 98/11/23
YYYY/MM/DD SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 111) AS [YYYY/MM/DD] 1998/11/23
YYMMDD ISO SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(6), GETDATE(), 12) AS [YYMMDD] 980124
YYYYMMDD ISO SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 112) AS [YYYYMMDD] 19980124
DD Mon YYYY HH:MM:SS:MMM(24h) 1 Europe default + milliseconds SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(24), GETDATE(), 113) 28 Apr 2006 00:34:55:190 1
HH:MI:SS:MMM(24H) SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(12), GETDATE(), 114) AS [HH:MI:SS:MMM(24H)] 11:34:23:013
YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS(24h) ODBC Canonical SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(19), GETDATE(), 120) 1972-01-01 13:42:24
YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS.MMM(24h) ODBC Canonical
(with milliseconds)
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(23), GETDATE(), 121) 1972-02-19 06:35:24.489
YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS:MMM ISO8601 SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(23), GETDATE(), 126) 1998-11-23T11:25:43:250
DD Mon YYYY HH:MI:SS:MMMAM 1 Kuwaiti SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(26), GETDATE(), 130) 28 Apr 2006 12:39:32:429AM 1
DD/MM/YYYY HH:MI:SS:MMMAM Kuwaiti SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(25), GETDATE(), 131) 28/04/2006 12:39:32:429AM
Extended Date Formats
Date Format SQL Statement Sample Output
YY-MM-DD
SELECT SUBSTRING(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 120), 3, 8) AS [YY-MM-DD]
SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 11), ‘/’, ‘-‘) AS [YY-MM-DD]
99-01-24
YYYY-MM-DD
SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 120) AS [YYYY-MM-DD]
SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 111), ‘/’, ‘-‘) AS [YYYY-MM-DD]
1999-01-24
MM/YY SELECT RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 3), 5) AS [MM/YY]
SELECT SUBSTRING(CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 3), 4, 5) AS [MM/YY]
08/99
MM/YYYY SELECT RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 103), 7) AS [MM/YYYY] 12/2005
YY/MM SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(5), GETDATE(), 11) AS [YY/MM] 99/08
YYYY/MM SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(7), GETDATE(), 111) AS [YYYY/MM] 2005/12
Month DD, YYYY 1 SELECT DATENAME(MM, GETDATE()) + RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(12), GETDATE(), 107), 9) AS [Month DD, YYYY] July 04, 20061
Mon YYYY1 SELECT SUBSTRING(CONVERT(VARCHAR(11), GETDATE(), 113), 4, 8) AS [Mon YYYY] Apr 2006 1
Month YYYY 1 SELECT DATENAME(MM, GETDATE()) + ‘ ‘ + CAST(YEAR(GETDATE()) AS VARCHAR(4)) AS [Month YYYY] February 2006 1
DD Month1 SELECT CAST(DAY(GETDATE()) AS VARCHAR(2)) + ‘ ‘ + DATENAME(MM, GETDATE()) AS [DD Month] 11 September 1
Month DD1 SELECT DATENAME(MM, GETDATE()) + ‘ ‘ + CAST(DAY(GETDATE()) AS VARCHAR(2)) AS [Month DD] September 11 1
DD Month YY 1 SELECT CAST(DAY(GETDATE()) AS VARCHAR(2)) + ‘ ‘ + DATENAME(MM, GETDATE()) + ‘ ‘ + RIGHT(CAST(YEAR(GETDATE()) AS VARCHAR(4)), 2) AS [DD Month YY] 19 February 72 1
DD Month YYYY 1 SELECT CAST(DAY(GETDATE()) AS VARCHAR(2)) + ‘ ‘ + DATENAME(MM, GETDATE()) + ‘ ‘ + CAST(YEAR(GETDATE()) AS VARCHAR(4)) AS [DD Month YYYY] 11 September 2002 1
MM-YY SELECT RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 5), 5) AS [MM-YY]
SELECT SUBSTRING(CONVERT(VARCHAR(8), GETDATE(), 5), 4, 5) AS [MM-YY]
12/92
MM-YYYY SELECT RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 105), 7) AS [MM-YYYY] 05-2006
YY-MM SELECT RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(7), GETDATE(), 120), 5) AS [YY-MM]
SELECT SUBSTRING(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 120), 3, 5) AS [YY-MM]
92/12
YYYY-MM SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR(7), GETDATE(), 120) AS [YYYY-MM] 2006-05
MMDDYY SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 1), ‘/’, ”) AS [MMDDYY] 122506
MMDDYYYY SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 101), ‘/’, ”) AS [MMDDYYYY] 12252006
DDMMYY SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 3), ‘/’, ”) AS [DDMMYY] 240702
DDMMYYYY SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(10), GETDATE(), 103), ‘/’, ”) AS [DDMMYYYY] 24072002
Mon-YY 1 SELECT REPLACE(RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(9), GETDATE(), 6), 6), ‘ ‘, ‘-‘) AS [Mon-YY] Sep-02 1
Mon-YYYY1 SELECT REPLACE(RIGHT(CONVERT(VARCHAR(11), GETDATE(), 106), 8), ‘ ‘, ‘-‘) AS [Mon-YYYY] Sep-2002 1
DD-Mon-YY 1 SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(9), GETDATE(), 6), ‘ ‘, ‘-‘) AS [DD-Mon-YY] 25-Dec-05 1
DD-Mon-YYYY 1 SELECT REPLACE(CONVERT(VARCHAR(11), GETDATE(), 106), ‘ ‘, ‘-‘) AS [DD-Mon-YYYY] 25-Dec-20051

1 To make the month name in upper case, simply use the UPPER string function.

Anúncios
Categorias:Dicas, SQL Server
  1. 30/08/2011 às 14:09

    Tem um link interessante que achei aqui também:

    The ultimate guide to the datetime datatypes
    http://www.karaszi.com/SQLServer/info_datetime.asp

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